Alignment Table for Report
The alignment table for sound project evaluation reports
can be viewed either as a whole, displaying all components,
or as six separate tables corresponding to report
components: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Project Description,
(3) Evaluation Overview, (4) Design, (5) Analysis Process,
and (6) Results & Recommendations. See the
alignment table overview for a
general description of what appears in the alignment
The glossary and
quality criteria entries for
report components are also available on their own.
||Related Program Evaluation Standards
Describes the purposes and questions driving the
evaluation, as well as the credentials of the
evaluator and the involvement of
in the evaluation.
objectives of the evaluation.
These should be focused around identifying the
project's strengths and weaknesses as well as
accomplishments and challenges, either in terms of how
well its implementation was carried out
and/or how successful it was in achieving
This section of the report may also describe
additional "goal-free" purposes that involve
gathering and inductively analyzing data in order to
understand dimensions of the project that were not
anticipated in the setting of goals.
The purposes of the evaluation should be:
- stated in terms of
goals and intended uses of
- described in enough detail to help stakeholders
extrapolate critical meanings from the results
The evaluation should focus on whether or not
promised project components are delivered and compare
project outcomes against the assessed needs of the
participants or other beneficiaries. They
should also be directed at finding unanticipated
outcomes, both positive and negative.
A3 Described Purposes and
The purposes and procedures of the evaluation should
be monitored and described in enough detail, so that
they can be identified and assessed.
States the questions that will be answered through
data collection, analysis, and
Evaluation questions are developed from the evaluation
objectives and state specific information
needs. They focus on aspects and outcomes of the
project that are important to the
Evaluation questions that address context,
implementation, and outcome variables provide the
perspective not only for
also for understanding the conditions under which the
results were obtained.
The questions should be justified against the
- To which
stakeholders will answers to the
questions be useful, and how?
- How will answers to the questions provide new
The report can also delineate questions that could
not be addressed because of constraints (e.g., limited
time or resources, insufficiency of available
Specifies the evaluator's credentials.
The professional qualifications of the evaluator
should be specified in order to build trust in the
U2 Evaluator Credibility
Persons conducting the evaluation should be both
trustworthy and competent to perform the evaluation,
so that the evaluation findings achieve maximum
credibility and acceptance.
Describes what interests the various
have had in the evaluation, and what roles they played
The report should describe how the positions and
perspectives of the
stakeholders have been considered
in an ongoing manner, from the planning of the
evaluation through the data collection, analysis, and
Stakeholder involvement in the evaluation can be
beneficial because stakeholders can help the
evaluator better understand project
objectives, shape evaluation questions,
recommend data sources, and review findings. As a
consequence of being involved, stakeholders are
more likely to find the
results credible, useful, and relevant, and less
likely to curtail evaluation operations or hinder
accurate and appropriate uses of the results.
F2 Political Viability
The evaluation should be planned and conducted with
anticipation of the different positions of various
interest groups, so that their cooperation may be
obtained, and so that possible attempts by any of
these groups to curtail evaluation operations or to
bias or misapply the
results can be averted or counteracted.